Thursday, May 23, 2024

CDC HEADS UP Program Will increase Concussion Information and Harm Communication

Randomized analysis of CDC HEADS UP concussion schooling supplies for youth sport coaches.

Kroshus E, Zhou H, Ledsky R, Sarmiento Ok, DePadilla L. J Neurotrauma. 2023 Jan 24. doi: 10.1089/neu.2022.0504. Epub forward of print. PMID: 36694461.

Take-Residence Message

After introducing youth sports activities coaches to the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) HEADS UP supplies throughout a season, extra coaches reported higher concussion information and communication with athletes about concussion security than earlier than the season.


Coaches play a key function in shaping how athletes study and report concussions. One of the vital distinguished and complete types of concussion schooling for youth coaches is the CDC HEADS UP Program on-line coaching. Whereas the academic content material has been evaluated, we lack randomized management trials to evaluate how the CDC HEADS UP Program influences behavioral adjustments throughout a sports activities season.

Research Objective

The authors investigated youth sports activities coach communication with youth athletes about concussion security throughout a sports activities season within the presence of the CDC HEADS UP Program and a typical schooling technique.


The authors randomized 75 YMCA branches in 15 regional associations (764 youth sport coaches) into both receiving the CDC HEADS UP coaching or management (their typical schooling technique). The coaches answered demographic questions equivalent to intercourse, sport they coach, and historical past of creating a concussion analysis. The CDC youth sports activities supplies have 4 predominant elements: 1) an internet coaching module accomplished earlier than the beginning of the season, 2) supplementary assets (stickers, poster, reality sheet), 3) 8 weekly CDC Heads up messages for coaches to relay to the athletes, and 4) steerage for a way native organizations can combine HEADS UP assets and messaging with current YMCA “values.” The coaches accomplished surveys earlier than and after a aggressive season. The authors then assessed communication habits with three questions:

  1. “Did you meet together with your athletes?” (sure/no)
  2. “Did you evaluation together with your athletes the YMCA guidelines relating to concussion security?” (sure/no),
  3. “How typically did you converse informally with athletes in your staff about concussion security?” (by no means/sometimes/incessantly).

The authors additionally evaluated communication intention by assessing how probably they’re to carry a staff assembly to speak formally or informally about concussion security. In addition they evaluated concussion identification (signal/symptom information), concussion administration (likeliness to return an athlete to sport), and publicity to non-intervention concussion info (app, TV/film, web site info).


A complete of 537 coaches (82% male, 93% coached excessive contact sport, 20% made a concussion analysis name) accomplished pre-season surveys (432 in intervention, 105 in management) and 411 accomplished post-season surveys (295 in intervention, 116 in management). Sadly, solely 184 coaches accomplished pre- and post-season surveys (148 in intervention, 36 in management). Total, demographic knowledge had been comparable between teams, although coaches within the intervention group had been extra more likely to coach a high-contact sport.

After introducing coaches to the HEADS UP program, extra coaches communicated with athletes about concussion security than earlier than the season. These within the management group can also have extra coaches talk with athletes, however most certainly, this enchancment was lower than within the Heads Up group. Concussion information and communication intention had been better on the finish of the season amongst coaches who obtained the HEADS UP program. The authors didn’t observe this enchancment amongst coaches within the management group.


The CDC HEADS UP Program is essentially the most generally used concussion schooling program in the US. This system has vital content material and will increase a coach’s information instantly after finishing this system. This examine suggests this system can also enhance communication and information all through a season. Nonetheless, to know for positive, we are going to want a big randomized trial that compares adjustments in communication habits and information all through a season between a bunch of coaches that accomplished the HEADS UP Program and one other group that obtained a typical schooling. Understanding how effectively the HEADS UP Program performs in the actual world will assist us decide if extra instructional materials could also be wanted throughout the season. Within the meantime, this examine gives extra assist for the CDC Heads UP youth sports activities supplies.

Scientific Implications

Clinicians ought to encourage youth sports activities organizations to include and adapt the CDC HEADS UP Program. If a clinician is worried concerning the effectiveness of the fabric, then they will complement the fabric with their assets.

Questions for Dialogue

Do you employ CDC Heads Up Supplies to coach your student-athletes in coaches? If that’s the case, have you ever seen comparable ends in communication and information? If not, what do you employ on your concussion schooling?

Associated Posts

  1. Bettering Concussion Schooling: Consensus from the NCAA-Division of Protection Thoughts Issues Analysis and Schooling Grand Problem
  2. Peer-Led Concussion Schooling Might Improve Concussion Information and Reporting Behaviors
  3. Movies for Concussion Schooling. Single Viewing Does Not Assist Data Stick
  4. Coaches Acquire Concussion Data with 5-Minute Truth Sheet
  5. Concussion Information Getting Higher However Concussion Reporting is Getting Worse
  6. Higher Attitudes Might Enhance Reporting Habits 
  7. Middle for Concussion Schooling And Analysis – Peer Concussion Schooling

Written by Jane McDevitt
Reviewed by Jeffrey Driban

Evidence-Based Assessment of Concussion Course - 5 EBP CEUs

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